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Tooth sensitivity can be a bothersome issue, stemming from various causes. While natural tooth sensitivity exists due to the porous nature of enamel and the presence of nerves, heightened sensitivity to temperature and other stimuli can indicate an underlying problem. Here, we explore the common triggers of tooth sensitivity, the professional assistance available at Krishna Dental Hospital, and preventive measures to reduce or eliminate discomfort.

What is tooth sensitivity?

Tooth sensitivity, or hypersensitivity, refers to a tooth's heightened responsiveness to stimuli. This can include:

  • - Hot and cold foods and drinks
  • - Sweet or acidic substances
  • - Alcohol in mouthwashes
  • - Cold air
  • - Toothbrushing and flossing
  • - Chemicals in teeth bleaching gels

Sensitivity may range from temporary to long-term, with symptoms varying from mild to intense. If tooth sensitivity is impacting your daily life, seeking advice from a dentist is recommended.

Common causes of sensitive teeth:

Teeth typically become more sensitive when the outer enamel layer is damaged or worn away, exposing the sensitive dentin layer or even the soft pulp at the tooth's center. Causes include:

  • Gum disease:Plaque buildup causes inflammation and infection, leading to gum disease. Receding gums exposed tooth roots, causing sensitivity.
  • Ageing:With age, tooth enamel naturally wears down, contributing to sensitivity.
  • Tooth pulp infection:Infection or irritation of the tooth pulp, resulting from decay or damage, can lead to sensitivity and requires root canal therapy.
  • Damaged teeth or restorations:Chips, cracks, or damage to fillings, crowns, or dental restorations can expose inner layers, causing sensitivity.
  • Acid wear:Acidic foods and drinks, like citrus fruits, soft drinks, and vinegar, can erode enamel, increasing the risk of sensitivity.
  • Tooth decay:Bacteria in the mouth, mixing with sugars, release acids that weaken enamel, leading to tooth decay, cavities, and sensitivity.
  • Bad brushing techniques: Rough brushing damages enamel and soft tissues between teeth, causing sensitivity. Gentle, circular motions with light pressure are recommended.
  • Teeth grinding or clenching (bruxism):Involuntary teeth grinding wears down teeth, increasing sensitivity over time.
  • Dental treatments:Certain dental procedures, like fillings, crowns, or teeth whitening, may cause temporary sensitivity.

How can a dentist help?

Seeking professional help is crucial if you experience tooth sensitivity. Your dentist at Krishna Dental Hospital may recommend:

  • - Dental scale & clean: Plaque removal and fluoride application to strengthen enamel.
  • - Tooth restoration treatments: Fillings, crowns, or bonding to address cavities and damage.
  • - Root canal therapy: To treat infected tooth pulp.
  • - Teeth grinding treatments: Night guards or interventions to prevent further damage.
  • - Gum grafting: Replacement of lost gum tissue to cover exposed tooth roots.
  • - Treating medical conditions: Referral to address underlying health concerns.

How to avoid tooth sensitivity:

Preventing or reducing tooth sensitivity involves simple lifestyle changes:

  • - Improve oral hygiene: Gentle brushing, proper technique, and soft-bristled toothbrushes.
  • - Enhance your diet: Limit sugary and acidic foods, sip water after consumption, and consume fluoride-containing tap water.
  • - Regular dental visits: Biannual check-ups and hygiene treatments to prevent oral health issues.

At Krishna Dental Hospital, our team is dedicated to addressing tooth sensitivity concerns and providing tailored solutions for optimal oral health. Schedule an appointment today to explore effective strategies for a pain-free, confident smile.